Web Design & Development Guide
Web Interoperability means producing web pages viewable in
web browsers, various operating systems such as Windows, Macintosh and
Linux and devices such as PC, PDA and mobile phone based on the latest
This term was originated by the
Web Interoperability Pledge that is a promise to adhere to current HTML
Recommendations as promulgated by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The WIP
was not a W3C initiative. but it was started by and has been run by ZDNet AnchorDesk
This issue was known by cross browsing in browser war between Internet
Explorer and Netscape. The Microsoft Internet Explorer was exclusive in browser
market after that, but modern web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Opera and
Safari have supported web standards. Because of backward compatibility of
Internet Explorer, many web pages has supported non-standard HTML tags and DOM
handling script yet as well platform-defendant techniques such as ActiveX. These
are very harmful for Web accessibility and Device Independence.
Elements of Web Interoperability
- Structural and semantic markup with
- CSS based layout with layout elements such as position and float.
- Separating among structure, presentation and behavior in web pages.
- DOM scripting based on W3C DOM Standard and
It has been various activities, for example
Web Standards Project,
Mozilla's Technology Evangelism and
Web Standards Group. Also there are educational activities such as
Web Essential Conference.
Cascading Style Sheets
Fahrner Image Replacement
Techniques for creating a User Centered Design